Providing the knowledge you need to identify neurological conditions.

Below you will be able to browse a long list of Neurology and Neurosurgery conditions to learn more about what causes them and how they are treated. We are committed to making sure each of our patients are knowledgeable on these conditions in order to seek proper treatment.

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Back Pain

Back pain can arise from muscles, ligaments, joints, bones, discs or nerves. All areas of the spine are extremely different and should be treated as so.

Cervical Radiculopathy

Also known as a herniated disc, this condition occurs when all or part of a spinal disc is forced through a weak part of the disc placing pressure on nearby nerves. Symptoms include lower back and neck pain varying from mild tingling to severe pain inhibiting movement.

Degenerative Disc Disease

One of the most common causes of lower back pain. This condition is a natural part of aging and does not necessarily get worse over time. It is quite variable in its nature and severity for different people.

Facet Joint Syndrome

This is a common cause of pain related to the spine. The facet joints, the connections between the vertebrae in the spine, become inflamed secondary to injury or arthritis causing pain and stiffness. Pain is typically felt in the lower back and sometimes in the buttock, thighs, shoulders or mid-back area.

Herniated Disc (Cervical)

A condition affecting the spine. A tear in the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc forces the soft, central portion to bulge out. The condition occurs in the neck, most often between the fifth and sixth or sixth and seventh cervical vertebral bodies. Pain is often felt in the back of the skull, neck, shoulder girdle, scapula, shoulder, arm and hand.

Herniated Discs

When a spinal disc becomes less elastic, it can rupture causing a portion of the spinal disc to be pushed outside its normal boundary. The spinal nerves and spinal cord can then be pinched. Symptoms include tingling or numbness, muscle weakness, or even bladder and bowel problems.

Kyphosis

A curving of the spine that causes a bowing of the back leading to a hunchback or slouching shoulders. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, fatigue, mild back pain, and tenderness and stiffness of the spine.

Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica)

Leg pain, tingling, numbness or weakness that travels from the lower back through the buttock and down a large nerve in the back of the leg. This condition is often relieved with non-surgical treatment, but can also cause severe, debilitating pain for some. Causes are spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, lumbar herniated discs or spondylolisthesis.

Neck Pain

Neck pain can begin in any of the structures in the neck including muscles and nerves, spinal vertebrae, and the cushioning disks in between. It may also come from regions near the neck, such as the shoulders, jaw, head and upper arms.

Post Laminectomy Syndrome

A condition that occurs when spine surgery fails to achieve its desired outcomes. In many cases, the spinal nerve root does not recover from prior trauma and continues to be a source of chronic nerve pain. Other instances occur because of the body's way of healing includes scar formation, or because there is a presence of structural changes in the spine that develop above or below the site of a spinal fusion. Most of this post-surgical pain can be effectively managed with non-surgical approaches.

Spinal Infection

This typically occurs after surgery or sometimes spontaneously in patients. The infection is often caused by bacteria or fungal organisms. Symptoms include fever, chills, headache, neck stiffness, pain, wound redness and tenderness, and wound drainage. Some may also notice weakness and numbness or tingling in the arms or legs.

Spinal Stenosis

A narrowing of areas in the lumbar or cervical spine causing pressure on the spinal cord or one or more of the spinal nerves. Symptoms gradually worsen over time and will often be on one side of the body. The most serious symptoms include difficulty walking and problems controlling urine or bowel movements.

Spinal Stenosis (Thoracic)

A condition in which the spinal cord or spinal nerves are compressed by narrowing of the spinal canal or the openings between vertebrae. This can sometimes be caused by spinal disc herniation, osteoporosis or a tumor. This condition often results in lower back pain, abnormal sensations in the legs, thighs, feet or buttocks, or loss of bladder and bowel control.

Spondylolisthesis

When a bone in the lower part of the spine slips forward and onto a bone below it, this condition occurs. The symptoms range from mild to severe, sometimes with no symptoms at all. Symptoms can include lower back pain, muscle tightness, pain in the thigh and buttocks, stiffness, and tenderness in the area of the slipped disk.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

An extremely painful swelling of the nerve that delivers feeling to the face and surface of the eye. Symptoms include sharp spasms, pain on one side of the face, pain triggered by touch or sound, and pain that occurs while brushing your teeth, chewing, drinking, eating or shaving.

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