Gastroenterologists perform a wide range of procedures to treat many different conditions that affect your digestive system. Some of the more common procedures provided include:
For this test, you’ll swallow a vitamin-sized capsule that contains a tiny camera. As the camera moves through your gastrointestinal tract, it sends pictures to sensors placed on your abdomen. The pictures are recorded by a data recorder you wear on your waist.
You’ll come to the GI lab to swallow the capsule and be fitted with the sensors and recording device, after which you’re free to go about your normal activities. Eight hours later, you’ll return to the GI lab to have the wires and recording device taken off.
Colonoscopy with or without Polyp Removal
This exam is done to screen for abnormalities of the colon, including cancer. Your physician uses an instrument called a colonoscope to look at all or part of the colon. A colonoscope is a type of endoscope inserted into the rectum to examine the colon. If your physician finds any colon polyps (growths in the lining of the colon that may become cancerous), they may be removed during this procedure.
Dilation of the Esophagus
This is done by inserting different types and sizes of instruments into the narrowed portion of your esophagus to permit better swallowing.
Duodenoscopy/Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ECRP)
This involves inserting a special endoscope into the first part of your small intestine (duodenum) to reach the bile ducts. Your physician can then inject special dye into the ducts to better examine the bile system with x-rays. If gallstones are found, they may be removed. If any abnormal narrowings are found, they may be opened with a stent (a tiny tube used to prop open narrowed vessels or ducts in the body). If suspected pancreatic tumors are found, a tissue sample may be removed for biopsy.
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) with or without Fine Needle Aspiration
This procedure combines an endoscopy and an ultrasound to see tissue deeper than the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. If your physician needs to remove a tissue sample, this will be done with a special needle introduced to the site through the endoscope.
This is an examination of the pressure inside your esophagus when swallowing. It is useful to evaluate swallowing disorders. The test is done by placing a small tube through your nose into the esophagus.
Esophageal pH Studies
This is an examination of the acidity in your esophagus. It is useful in evaluating acid reflux. The test is done with a small tube inserted through your nose into the esophagus. The tube has a probe on its tip that measures the acid level.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy with or without Polyp Removal
This is an examination of the lower part of your colon and rectum with an instrument called a sigmoidoscope, which is a type of endoscope inserted into the rectum. If your physician finds any colon polyps (growths in the lining of the colon that may become cancerous), they may be removed during this procedure.
This is an examination of your esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine with an instrument called an endoscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a light and tiny video camera on its tip. It is inserted through the patient’s mouth. The physician may take a tissue sample for a biopsy or dilate any strictures (abnormal narrowings) during the procedure. Sources of gastrointestinal bleeding coming from tiny veins may be found and treated.
Peg Tube Placing
This involves inserting a permanent feeding tube through your abdominal wall directly into the stomach.
Jejunum Tube Placement
This procedure involves inserting a permanent feeding tube through your abdominal wall and threading the tip into the small intestine.
Bravo pH Studies
This is an examination of the acidity in the esophagus that’s useful in evaluating acid reflux. It’s performed by attaching a pH sensor directly to the wall of your esophagus.
This procedure uses a special catheter to ablate Barrett’s Esophagus, a pre-cancerous condition that affects the lining of the esophagus.