Home > Health Library > Mucous Cyst Ganglions
ganglions usually occur when
osteoarthritis symptoms develop, at middle age or
older. This type of ganglion is more common in women than men.
Mucous cyst ganglions are found at the joint nearest the fingernail
(distal interphalangeal [DIP] joint). The ganglion is firm and does not easily
move under the skin. These ganglions may be painful and may break open,
increasing the risk of infection. The fingernail may grow irregularly or be
misshapen because the ganglion is near the growth cells for the
Because of the risk of infection, a mucous cyst ganglion should not
be broken open on purpose. Occasionally a ganglion opens on its own. Home
treatment may be all that is needed.
Treatment measures include removing the ganglion fluid with a needle
(aspiration) to temporarily shrink the cyst, injecting the
hydrocortisone to reduce inflammation and possibly
lower the chance that it will return, or removing the ganglion with surgery. The ganglion may
return after treatment. Bone spurs (small, bony growths that form along a
joint) are often present in the joint next to a mucous
cyst, and removing the bone spurs makes it less likely that the cyst will return.
Infection is a possible complication of aspiration and
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerWilliam H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerHerbert von Schroeder, MD, MSc, FRCSC - Hand and Microvascular Surgery
Current as ofMay 23, 2016
Current as of:
May 23, 2016
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Herbert von Schroeder, MD, MSc, FRCSC - Hand and Microvascular Surgery
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.
I Want To...
Join Our Social Network