Penta X Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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It is possible that the main title of the report Penta X Syndrome is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Penta X Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects females. Females normally have two X chromosomes. However, in those with Penta X Syndrome, there are three additional (or a total of five) X chromosomes in the nuclei of body cells (pentasomy X). The condition is typically characterized by moderate to severe mental retardation, short stature, malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region, and/or other physical abnormalities. Characteristic craniofacial malformations may include upslanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures), a flat nasal bridge, malformed ears, a short neck with a low hairline, and/or other findings. Penta X Syndrome may also be characterized by abnormal deviation (clinodactyly) or permanent flexion (camptodactyly) of the "pinkies" or fifth fingers; heart and/or kidney defects; deficient development of the ovaries and uterus; and/or other physical findings. The disorder results from errors during the division of reproductive cells in one of the parents.

Supporting Organizations


PO Box 751112
Las Vegas, NV 89136
Tel: (702)769-9264
Fax: (702)341-5351
Tel: (888)486-1209

American Heart Association

7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231
Tel: (214)784-7212
Fax: (214)784-1307
Tel: (800)242-8721

Children's Craniofacial Association

13140 Coit Road
Suite 517
Dallas, TX 75240
Tel: (214)570-9099
Fax: (214)570-8811
Tel: (800)535-3643

Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.

P.O. Box 724
Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
Tel: (561)395-4252
Fax: (561)395-4252

Craniofacial Foundation of America

975 East Third Street
Chattanooga, TN 37403
Tel: (423)778-9176
Fax: (423)778-8172
Tel: (800)418-3223

Focus Foundation, Inc.

PO Box 190
Davidsonville, MD 21035
Tel: (443)223-7323
Fax: (410)798-4801

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311

March of Dimes

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Email: or
Website: and

Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders

2982 S. Union Street
Rochester, NY 14624-1926
Fax: (585)594-1957
Tel: (800)716-7638

The Arc

1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255

UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group

G1 The Stables
Station Road West
Oxted, RH8 9EE
United Kingdom
Tel: 0044 (0)1883 723356

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  5/5/2008
Copyright  2003 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.