DOOR Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report DOOR Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, and mental retardation
  • DOOR(S) syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

DOOR syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that may be recognized shortly after birth. "DOOR," an acronym for characteristic abnormalities associated with the syndrome, stands for (D)eafness due to a defect of the inner ear or auditory nerve (sensorineural hearing loss); (O)nychodystrophy or malformation of the nails; (O)steodystrophy, meaning malformation of certain bones; and mild to profound mental (R)etardation. In addition, in some cases, affected infants may have sudden episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain (seizures). Distinctive nail abnormalities may include underdeveloped, misshapen, or absent fingernails and/or toenails, while characteristic bone malformations may consist of an extra small bone in the thumbs and/or great toes (triphalangy) and/or underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of bones in other fingers and/or toes. DOOR syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.

Resources

American Society for Deaf Children
800 Florida Avenue NE
2047
Washington, DC 20002-3695
Tel: (866)895-4206
Fax: (410)795-0965
Tel: (800)942-2732
Email: asdc@deafchildren.org
Internet: http://www.deafchildren.org

Better Hearing Institute
1444 I Street NW
Suite 700
Washington, DC 20005
United States
Tel: (202)449-1100
Fax: (703)684-6048
Tel: (800)327-9355
Email: mail@betterhearing.org
Internet: http://www.betterhearing.org

Epilepsy Foundation
8301 Professional Place
Landover, MD 20785-7223
Tel: (866)330-2718
Fax: (877)687-4878
Tel: (800)332-1000
TDD: (800)332-2070
Email: ContactUs@efa.org
Internet: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org

NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Information Clearinghouse
One AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

American Academy of Audiology
11730 Plaza America Drive, Suite 300
Reston, VA 20190
Tel: (703)790-8466
Fax: (703)790-8631
Tel: (800)222-2336
Email: infoaud@audiology.org
Internet: http://www.audiology.org

Hearing Loss Association of America
7910 Woodmont Avenue
Suite 1200
Bethesda, MD 20814
Tel: (301)657-2248
Fax: (301)913-9413
Email: info@hearingloss.org
Internet: http://www.hearingloss.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  10/11/2012
Copyright  1997, 2001, 2003, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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